We can today announce the donors that will be included in the 2020 Aid Transparency Index, along with the timeline for data collection. The Aid Transparency Index is the only independent measure of aid transparency among the world’s major development agencies. It tracks and encourages progress, while holding donors to account for commitments they have made to open up their information.
Two donors have been added to the donor list for next year’s Index, joining the 45 donors included in the 2018 Index. These are Saudi Arabia’s King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre (KSRelief) and TIKA the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency. The inclusion of these two agencies reflects the rise of south-south donors. As the structure of the global economy continues to be reconfigured, emerging economies are increasingly playing a role on the international stage as aid donors. Turkey is now a major official development assistance (ODA) spender and, as well as spending billions of dollars on in-donor refugee costs, it is also spending significant amounts of ODA in other developing country regions including Sub-Saharan Africa, South and East Asia, Eastern Europe and the Balkans. Saudi Arabia is one of the lead aid agencies working in Yemen, the world’s largest ever humanitarian crisis, where it has disbursed USD 14 billion to date, according to the Saudi Aid Platform.
The 2020 Index continues to reflect the diversity of international aid donors. It features a cross-section of different types of development actors, while holding them to the same transparency standards. Of the donors selected 15 are multilaterals; 30 are bilateral donors; there are three humanitarian agencies (ECHO, UN OCHA and KSRelief) and one philanthropic foundation (the Gates Foundation). The total number of organisations assessed will be 47.
Donor selection criteria
The criteria for inclusion of donors in the 2020 index has not changed from the 2018 Index. Donors must fulfil a minimum of 3 out of 4 of the following:
- The organisation is in majority public ownership, with one or multiple governments as shareholders;
- Its primary purpose is providing aid and/or development finance across borders, or it is responsible for the oversight and administration of significant proportions of aid for development resources;
- Its budget for aid and/or development – or the resources that the organisation has at its disposal to spend upon aid and development – is at least USD 1 billion per year;
- The organisation plays a leading role in setting aid and/or development policy in its home country, region or specialist sector.
In cases where a donor does not pass the USD 1 billion threshold but does meet the other criteria, at a minimum, it must have a budget to spend on aid and/or development of at least USD 250 million per year. Publishing data in the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Standard is neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for inclusion in the Index.
Data collection for the 2020 Index will start on 1st December 2019 and end on 30th March 2020. The Index report will be launched in June 2020.
As in previous years we will carry out an online consultation through Github to solicit views and suggestions for any changes to the ruleset tests used by our Aid Transparency Tracker to assess the quality of organisations’ IATI data. This consultation will run from 9th to 19th September. We will share a link to the consultation prior to the start date.
Once the consultation has closed we will update and re-issue the technical paper and guidelines with any adjustments incorporated.
Progress since 2018
The 2018 Aid Transparency Index demonstrated that large amounts of data are now being made available by major international donors on a regular basis. This is particularly encouraging and demonstrates that progress is achievable. However, the 2018 Index also revealed serious data shortfalls: only 25% of aid worldwide was given by donors that meet the highest transparency standards. Performance related data (development objectives, results, impact appraisals and evaluations) was considerably lacking across the board, something which is particularly useful for data users.
The 2020 Index comes at a time when ambitious global development targets, such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), are under scrutiny and donors are increasingly under pressure to demonstrate that budgets are being spent effectively and have impact.
Next steps for donors – what you need to know
We will work closely with donor organisations and independent reviewers to make sure that the data we collect is as accurate as possible. All organisations included in the 2020 Index will be given the opportunity to review the information we collect and to share their feedback during the data collection period.
Publish What You Fund has several tools that donors can take advantage of in preparation for and during the data collection. Our Data Quality Tester allows publishers to independently check the quality of their IATI data before they upload it to the registry. IATI Decipher is a browser plug in that visualises IATI organisation files to facilitate verification of the data and documents that have been included. IATI Canary is an early warning system that provides an email alert when datasets are broken or invalid against the IATI schema.
Full list of donors
- African Development Bank
- Asian Development Bank
- Australia, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
- Belgium, Directorate-general Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid
- Canada, Global Affairs
- China, Ministry of Commerce
- Denmark, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
- European Commission, DG Development and Cooperation
- European Commission, DG Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations
- European Commission, DG Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection
- European Investment Bank
- Finland, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- France, Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs
- France, French Development Agency
- GAVI Alliance
- Germany, Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development – GIZ
- Germany, Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development – KfW
- Inter-American Development Bank
- Ireland, Irish Aid
- Italy, Agency for cooperation. and dev. AICS (Direzione Generale per la Cooperazione allo Sviluppo)
- Japan, International Cooperation Agency
- Japan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Korea, International Cooperation Agency
- Netherlands, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- New Zealand, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
- Norway, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Saudi Arabia, King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre
- Spain, Agency for International Development Cooperation
- Sweden, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency
- Switzerland, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
- The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
- The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
- Turkey, Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency, TIKA
- United Arab Emirates, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- United Kingdom, Department for International Development
- United Kingdom, Foreign and Commonwealth Office
- United Nations Children’s Fund
- United Nations Development Programme
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- United States, Agency for International Development
- United States, Department of Defense
- United States, Department of State
- United States, Millennium Challenge Corporation
- United States, President’s Emergency Fund Plan for AIDS Relief
- World Bank, International Development Association
- World Bank, International Finance Corporation